Types of Dental Implants
There are 4 main types of dental implants that are now being used in implant dentistry and are used to substitute a lost or worn out tooth. In both instances, the dental implants involve some surgical intervention and a period for healing. Since different implants will vary in the healing time, it is vital to understand the various types of dental implants that are being used by oral surgeons. This article will provide you with an overview on the different kinds of dental implants.
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The 4 Types of Dental Implants
Dental Implants are segregated into 4 kinds depending on the procedure undertaken prior to the implant.
The 4 types of dental implants are:
- Subperiosteal Dental Implant
- Root Form Dental Implant (frequently called the Endosteal Implant)
- Plate Form Dental Implant
- Denture Support – Intra mucosal Implant & Ramus Frame Implants
Subperiosteal Dental Implant
This kind of implant is used in patients who have really worn out jawbones or extremely inadequate bone material in the jaw. Under these conditions, the jaw bone is regard as “resorbed” or “attrited”, which means that the jawbone does not have enough width and/or height in order to hold certain types of titanium or alloy implants securely. As a substitute, the subperiosteal implant will be positioned on the bone that will be especially made for this purpose.
The light weight material implant is made to comfortably fit the jaw bone since it has a lot of posts to hold up. With this, the need of bone grafting is eliminated. The implant material is positioned underneath the gums with a metal support so that the pressure is distributed evenly.
There are actually two ways in which these implants will be positioned on the bone:
The Single Surgery Method is performed on patients who are not able to tolerate numerous surgeries. A CAT scan of the site is taken and a computerized model is utilized to form an implant that can be appropriately fitted on the thin bone. Once the implant has been made, the spot where the implant will be placed will be cut open and the implant will then be positioned to the bone. Afterwards, the spot will be sutured to that the implant will stay in its place and the crown will then be set into the implant.
In the Dual Surgery Method, the surgeon will make an impression of the jawbone by making a cut through the gum thus, revealing the bone. Special impression material is used to take an impression of the bone, and the gum is then sealed up. The impression is then submitted to the laboratory where the dental implant will be custom made to fit. After the implant has been fabricated, the surgeon once again reopens the gums and positions the implant. Soon after, the gums will be tightly sutured to in order for the gums to hold on to the implant firmly. Once the implant has firmly latched itself to the bone, the crown will now be fixed on the top.
Root Form Dental Implant
This type of dental implant is best suited for those patients who are physically fit and possesses a high bone density, but a jawbone of adequate width and height is required. These dental implants actually look like the original tooth, and just like the name suggests, have a root form. Because of this form, these dental implants are the most used of the 4 types of dental implants.
If this kind of dental implant is used in a jaw bone with low height, then some bone grafting may be entailed to create adequate bone mass for the implant to set properly. A shallow hole is drilled in the bone with just the right diameter to set the implant. After the insertion of the implant, the hole is then resealed. Because the root part of the implant is set directly on the bone, this type of implant is called the Endosteal Implant. The implant root may be inserted together with the attached abutment or even without the abutment. Following the completion of the procedure, the opened gum wall will then be sutured closed. The recovery period of this type of surgery may take from 3 to 6 months. Soon after the recovery, the operated area is once again reopened and the intersection plus the crown is positioned on the top. The course of healing or the union of the dental implant within the neighboring bone mass is termed as Osseointegration, this is where the bone fuses to the titanium implant, creating a strong and secure base for the prosthetic.
Plate Form Dental Implants
These types of dental implants are applied in cases where the patients may have a narrow bone. The implant is manufactured long, flat and narrow to fit the narrow bone. Once the gum has been cut, and the jaw bone revealed, the implant is then placed in the opening and then closed up by suturing it. The recovery period for this type of procedure may take up to 6 months and the subsequent step can only be performed after the implant has fused with the bone. Soon after the area has healed, the crown will then be attached to the implant.
Denture Supports- Ramus Frame Implants & Intramucosal Implants
Intramucosal Implant – This type of implant is in fact a series of individual implants that will be connected with the use of connecting rod to keep it in place. This is used for those patients who require a substitute for their teeth or to replace the missing tooth. The implants are fixed on the soft gum tissue so it is very feasible to have removable dentures.
Ramus Framed Implant – This type of implant is a bulky piece of metal that is implanted in the gums and will be used to support the dentures. It is constructed to be flexible. thus it can be shaped according to the jawbone in the mouth. Once it is mounted, it can sustain the dentures.
With the various types of dental implants available, there is a very good chance that your oral health can be improved. Your dentist will be able to decide on the most suitable dental implants after assessing the strength of your jaw bone and overall oral health. If the bone is fragile, then all implants will not be successful, and if this is the case then the 4 vital types of dental implants will not be utilized.